Acne is a skin-related condition, it occurs when oil and dead skin cells plugged into hair follicles cells, it causes
Acne affects people of all ages but it is most common in teenagers, various kind of acne treatments available that works effectively, the bumps and pimples heal very slowly when one starts to heal another seem to crop up.
What’s the Difference Between Acne and Pimples?
The difference between pimples and acne is that pimples are symptoms of acne disease, which affects oil glands and hair follicles in the skin.
Under the skin, the glands are connected by a canal with pores that make Sebum an oily substance. The canal which connects the gland to pores is known as the follicle, a thin hair grows out through this canal out to the skin’s surface.
When the follicle plugged with dead skin and sebum, the bacteria in the skin causes inflammation in the plug and leads to red pimples in acne.
Causes of Acne
There are different causes of acne but some of them are not yet identified. there are many things involve in triggering acne or worsen the acne condition such as:
- Hormonal changes in the body like during pregnancy, puberty, and menstrual period
- Picking or squeezing existing pimples
- Oil-based makeup products, cosmetics, hair products, and sunscreen
- Anabolic steroids and corticosteroids and other medications
- Vigorously cleaning or scrubbing your skin
- Hats, helmets, collars, and backpack or pressure of bra straps
- Humidity and tight clothing
- Dirty skin and poor hygienic lifestyle
- Greasy foods or chocolates high cholesterol food also can cause acne
Types of Acne
There are different type of acne as published on WebMD such as:
It is the common name for acne, in this condition whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples pop up on the skin. Mostly it appears on the Shoulder, back, chest, and face skin. It can be treated over the counter treatment by using good skincare products like Brillance skin cream, if the condition gets severe consult your doctor or dermatologist
The acne which forms due to hair follicle clogging with oil and dead skin cells is called a comedo. It develops in pumps named blackheads or whiteheads. Many makeup products can trigger comedones that products called comedogenic while the products on which noncomedogenic is labeled are less contribute to acne by clogging pores. You can use Brilliance skin cream to cure the comedones.
In this condition comedones open at the surface of the skin they called blackheads. They are filled and clogged with dead skin and excess oil. they seem black hue due to irregular reflection of light that comes from the clogged hair follicles, dirt is not responsible for its black color, they are easy to treat any good kind of skincare cream can treat them very well.
The comedones that are closed to the skin surface are named whiteheads, they form when skin prevent oil and clogged hair follicle from tearing. The medicines which treat blackhead are also very effective for whiteheads.
When a pimple inflamed it resemble a whitehead with a red ring and it filled with yellow or white pus. Do not pick or squeeze them, it may cause dark spots or scars on the skin, normally it can be treated with skincare products but in the severe condition, you should meet your health care provider or dermatologist.
In this condition, comedones inflamed due to acne and form small pink or red bumps on the skin. They are very sensitive to touch.do not squeeze or pick them because it can increase inflammation and lead to scarring. It is a moderate type of acne that should treat in the early stages.it can be treated with over the counter treatment using a good quality skincare product such as Brilliance Skincare cream.
They are pus-filled lesions, large look like boils. They are painful and itching. you should visit your dermatologist because it can scar. this is a severe type of acne which need full attention
They look like larger bumps that feel firm and hard to touch, they are often painful and develop deep inside the skin. Sometimes the use of some kind of good skin product cures them but if the condition stays for more than a week then you should visit a dermatologist because it could be a scar. Only external use medication may not use to clear them up and may you need drugs prescription.
If you have less than 20 blackheads or whiteheads, less than 10 inflamed bumps, or less than 25 lesions than you have mild acne, it can normally be treated over the counter medicens, or any good type of skincare product like Brilliance care Cream cane treat them very well, but it can take up to one week for complete or significant improvement.
If there are more than 20 blackheads or whiteheads, more ten 20 inflamed bumps, or more than 30 lesions, this condition will consider a moderate acne condition. Prescription of medicine includes for external use and taking orally. Normally it takes more than a week to cure the condition or get better.
Severe Nodulocystic Acne
This is a severe type of acne in which the infected person has different types of inflamed nodules and cysts. It turns purple or deep red. Continues treatment by a dermatologist is required to cope with these conditions, it often left scars. The doctor may need to inject corticosteroids directly in the cysts or nodules to reduce pain and inflammation.
Symptoms of Acne
The signs depend on the severity of your condition and acne symptoms could be very:
- Papules(Small, tender, red bumps)
- Open plugged pores (Blackheads)
- cystic lesions( pus-filled, Painful, lumps under the skin)
- Pustules (Pimples), mostly pus at their tips
- closed plugged pores with pus inside (Whiteheads)
- Nodules ( solid, Large, painful lumps under the skin)
Acne mostly appears on the forehead, face, upper back, chest, and shoulders.
Time to see the Doctor
If the acne did not clear by using self-care remedies or skincare products, you should visit your health care provider. So they can prescribe medication according to your condition. Acne is common in women a week before menstruation and clear-up without any treatment.
The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration) warns people about using some popular nonprescription acne creams, lotions, cleansers, and other skincare products in serious conditions.
Seek emergency help immediately if after using any kind of skin product you feel:
- Difficulty breathing
- The tightness of the throat
- Swelling of the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
Myths about Acne
There are some myths related to Acne such as:
Scrubbing the skin or cleansing skin with harsh chemical or sope irritates and develop acne not dirty skin.
Acne did not worsen acne if you use oil-free makeup it will not clog pores, and removing makeup daily and non-comedogenic products did not interfere with acne drugs.
- Greasy foods and Chocolate
There is no such evidence which shows that greasy food or chocolate increase, develop, or effect on acne.
Acne Related Complications
According to researches, dark skin people are more likely to be affected by acne complications as compared to light skin people. These complications are:
- Skin changes
The skin color can be changed after clearing the acne, it can be lighter or darker than before the infection
Thick or lighter skin scars may remain for the long term after acne has healed.
Acne Risk Factors
Risk factors of acne could be:
- Family history.
Genetics also plays a main role in acne. you could develop acne your parents or one of them have acne
- Oily or Greasy products
You may develop acne when your skin comes into contact with oily substances or oily lotions and creams.
- Pressure or friction on your skin
The items such as cellphones, helmets, tight collars, backpacks, tight underwear, and bra produce extra pressure on the skin which cause acne
Age is also the main factor, the teenager is mostly affected by the acne issue due to hormonal changes due to puberty, people of other ages can also be affected by acne problems.
- Hormonal Changes
During pregnancy and puberty, many hormonal changes occur that changes are one of the acne risk factors.