Ear Infection Basics: What are Ear Infection and its causes in 2021
Ear Infection Basics: What are Ear Infection and its causes in 2021

Earaches are most commonly due to an infection is called otitis media which causes mild to severe earaches. It mostly affects children and infants, sometime adults can also get affected by it.

The middle ear is mostly affected by it, which is a space behind the eardrum. In this area, bones pick sound through the vibration of bones and pass it to the inner ear where it forms the shape of sound.

Most often it appears with different kinds of respiratory conditions like flu and cold. In human middle ear is attached to the respiratory tract through a tiny tube known as the Eustachian tube.

When you get affected by any respiratory infection virus climbs up to the eustachian tube through sinus cavities and starts growing in the middle ear.

Ear Infection in Children 

Almost every single parent is familiar with an ear infection. It is the main reason for many visits to the doctors every month. according to a survey of about thirty million visits to the doctors and health care providores in the united states of America.

If you do a survey about prescriptions for kids and 70 percent were for the earache. The cost of ear infection treatment in the united state of America is crossing three billion dollars. If you or your child have earache immediately connect to your health care provider, untreated ear problems can lead to many other ear infections and complications like 

  • Ear bones inflamation
  • Mastoiditis
  • Hearing loss
  • Meningitis
  • Eardrum perforation
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Facial paralysis

Reasons and Causes for Ear Infection

The middle ear is a small area on the backside of the eardrum, the middle ear is well ventilated with the ear through nasal tubes, these tubs are called Eustachian tubes. The main function of these tubs is to supply the ear to the middle ear and keep it dry and clean.

But when due to any reason the middle ear did not get fresh and clean air. Due to blocking or clogging of Eustachian tubes. The area of the middle ear gets stagnant, warm, and damp. Which provides a very good environment for viruses and bacterias.

The Eustachian tubes are very immature and soft and can not stay open for a long time. There are many things and conditions that make it harder for tubes to stay open these conditions include

  • Sinus infections
  • Postnasal draining
  • Adenoid problem
  • Allergies
  • Common cold viruses

These conditions cause Eustachian tube blockage and did not let air pass to the middle ear area.

In children, the ear infection is caused by upper respiratory viral infection due to flu and cold. Wich cause swollen and ear tubes and middle ear. And air can not flow in the tubes.

Pollen, dust, food, and animal dander allergies also produce flu and cold like effects. Flames, smoke, and other environmental toxins and polluted air.

Bacteria is the main reason for this problem but it comes after the viral infection or allergic reaction. This bacteria can cause many health conditions such as

Wreaking the major havoc

Provoking fever

Continue pain

Infection in the middle ear

On the physical exam, the eardrum looks red mostly plugged. The bacteria cause for this infection is almost the same as pneumonia, sinusitis, and other lung diseases.

Vaccine for Ear Infection

The vaccine for pneumococcal infection is very effective for many infections related to bacteria, and bacteria responsible for ear infection. 

It is the common vaccine given to toddlers and infants to save them from different conditions such as blood infections, meningitis, and pneumonia. Normally doctors prescribe this vaccine for your child in this condition. This vaccine helps to prevent your child from ear infections.

Types of Ear Infection

There are different patterns for ear infections.

  • Acute otitis media or acute ear infection is one of them. This condition comes again and again even after getting clear, sometimes three to four times in the period of six months.

Recurrent Acute otitis Media or recurrent ear infection if a person has infection two to three times in a year. This shows that the eustachian tube is not working well. Or have filled up with nasal fluids.

Who Suffers Most from an Ear Infection?

In recent studies, the doctors and researchers have explained some characteristics of people who are at risk of getting a middle ear infection

  • People with a family chronicle of ear dilemma
  • Bottle-fed babies ( breastfed babies have less risk of getting an infection)
  • Male is most likely to get affected then, women
  • Tobacco smokers or household living people
  • Palate abnormalities 
  • Cleft plate issues
  • Lower immune system
  • Chronic disease
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Asthma